Assessing the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia

  • Tibebu Solomon Technology Transfer Team Leader, Ministry of Science & Technology, P.O. Box 2490, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


The communities in Arid and Semi arid regions have survived till today with ahighpopulation growth is an indication that they have developed indigenous mechanisms tocope up harsh conditions.This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional Statesto assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation tothe incidence of climate change.This study used Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques i.e. focus Group Discussion(FDG), individual interviews and Key Informant. FGD were held in Dudub & Boloyita ofAfar region and Degahjabis, Barak, Mete, Millo, Goad & Berdher of Shinile zone inSomali region. For cross triangulation, in depth interviews with ninety two respondentswere held. Afar and Issa Somali Pastoralists are adapting to changes in a localinnovative way. The typical pastoralist innovative adaption in the Study areas: change inhouse construction materials, traditional early warning system through Dagu in Afar,maximizes female animals in their herds, seasonal forecasting by follow up Goatbehavior i.e. shake their legs as if the legs immersed in mud and also traditional watercooling system of drinking water.This research output provides a framework for addressing climate change problem bythe Ethiopian pastoralists and assists them in realizing their potentials to rise up to thechallenge. It will also enable policy makers and NGOs to chant an appropriate course forpolicy and programme directions