Authors' Guideline

Graphical Abstract

In this journal, it is recommended to use a graphical abstract, but it is optional, because it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should provide a brief, visual summary of the article's contents in order to grab readers' attention. Abstracts with graphics must be uploaded using the online submission system as a separate file. Please upload an image that is at least 531 x 1328 pixels (h x w) in size or proportionally larger. When utilizing a standard screen resolution of 96 dpi, the image should be readable at a size of 5 x 13 cm. TIFF, EPS, PDF, or MS Office files are the preferred file types.