Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Goat Population Reared in Uba Debre- Tsehay and Zala Districts of Gofa Zone, South Ethiopia

  • Dereje Dea Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • Ermias Eramo Arba Minch Agricultural Research Center, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • Otoro Olke South Agricultural Research Institute, AGP-II Program, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe the morphological features of indigenous goats in twolowland districts of Gofa zone in their home tract, Ethiopia. A total of 170 goats (50 males and 120 females)were used for the morphological characterization. Results confirmed that there were morphological variationsin terms of coat color patterns. Accordingly, about 49.2% of goats showed plain followed by patchy (27.8); thedominant coat color was brown (44.7%) followed by white (32.7%). About 98.5% goats were characterized bypossessing horn, 80.5% curved horn-shape, 54.5% with obliquely-upward horn orientation, 75.2% horizontalear-orientation, 88.0% straight head-profile, 92.0% partially-sprit scrotum-type, 6% wattle presence, 38.0%beard and 2.5% ruff. There were no statistically significant morphological variations between males andfemales (p>0.05). These may be due to the high off-take rate of male goats at an early age. A significantdifference (p<0.05) was observed between age and linear body measurements. There were significantcorrelations found among body weight with body length (r=0.81), wither height (r=0.67), chest girth (r=0.82),head length (r=0.64) and horn length (r=0.61). Morphological traits’ variations suggest that this goatpopulation has not yet been selected through structured selective breeding.
Published
2021-12-29
How to Cite
Dea, D., Eramo, E., & Olke, O. (2021). Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Goat Population Reared in Uba Debre- Tsehay and Zala Districts of Gofa Zone, South Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, 6(2). Retrieved from https://journals.bdu.edu.et/index.php/jaes/article/view/735
Section
Articles