Effects of Conflict between Pastoralist and Crop Farming Communities on Households’ Food Security in Kwara State, Nigeria

Shehu Abdulganiyu SALAU, Ibrahim Folorunsho AYANDA, Nofiu Babatunde NOFIU

Abstract


 Pastoralists-farmers’ conflicts in Nigeria have grown, spread and intensified over the past decade and today pose a threat to national survival. Thus, this study measured food security status, assessed the effect of pastoralist- crop farmers’ conflict on food security and described the coping strategies employed by the respondents to reduce the effects of the conflict. Proportional sampling method was used to select a sample of 200 farming households.  The analytical tools include descriptive statistics, logistic regression and food security index. The study indicated that 54.5% and 45.5% of the respondents were food secure and food insecure, respectively. Furthermore, pastoralist-crop farmers’ conflict, household size, sex, farm distance and access to co-operatives were the significant factors driving to food security in the area. Moreover, farmers generally used a combination of strategies to manage conflict. The ‘use of job experience, hard-working, early cropping, appease other party and seeking for help from relatives, village leaders and governments were some of the effective coping strategies used by the respondents to reduce the effects of conflict. Consequently, ranching and use of Rural Grazing Area (RUGA) settlement be encouraged by the government to reduce the effect of the conflict. Policies and strategies aimed at reducing the household size and enhancing cooperative formation should be pursued

Keywords


Conflict, coping strategies, food security index, RUGA settlement

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Adisa, R.S. (2012). Land Use Conflict Between Farmers and Herdsmen –Implications for Agricultural and Rural Development in Nigeria, Rural Development - Contemporary Issues and Practices, Dr. Rashid Solagberu Adisa (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51-0461 2, InTech, Available from: http://www.intech open.com/books/rural-development contemporary

Ahmed F.F., Eugene, C.E., and Abah, P.O. (2016). Analysis of food security among farming households in Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of AgricEcons, Environment and Social Sciences 1(1):130-141

Akinsanmi A., and Doppler, W. (2005). Socio-economic and food security of farming families in Southeast Nigeria. Paper presented at Tropentary, 2005, Conference on International Agricultural Research and Development, University of Honhentiem, Stuttgart, Germany.

Amaza, P.S., Adejobi, A.O., and Fregene, T., (2008). Measurement and determinants of food insecurity Northeast Nigeria: Some empirical policy guidelines. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environmen., 6 (2):92-96.

Babatunde, R.O., Omotosho, O.A., and Sholotan, O.S. (2007). Socio-Economic Characteristics and Food Security Status of Farming Households in Kwara State, North Central Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(1): 49-58.

Cotula, L., Toulmin, C., and Hesse, C., (2004). Land Tenure and Administration in Africa: Lessonsof Experience and Emerging Issues, London, IIED.

FAO, (2005). Food and agricultural organization. The state of food insecurity in the world, 2005, Rome, 2

Fasona, M. J., and Omojola, A.S. (2005). “Climate Change, Human Security and Communal Clashes in Nigeria.” Paper presented at International Workshop in Human Security and Climate change, Holmen Fjord Hotel, Oslo Oct. 21-23, 2005.

Gambari I.G. (2018). Herdsmen-Farmers Conflicts and the Search for Peaceful Resolution in Nigeria.A Paper Presented at the Symposium on Pastoralists and Crop Farmers Crisis in Nigeria Kwara State University, Malete on 28th March, 2018

Ibiremo, O.S., Ipinmoroti, R. R., Ogunlade, M.O. Daniel, M.A., and Iremiren, G.O. (2010). Assessment of Soil Fertility for Cocoa Production in Kwara State: Southern Guinea Savanna Zone of Nigeria. Journal Agricultural Science. 1(1): 11-18

Ifeoma, J.I., and Agwu, E.A, (2014). Assessment of Food Security Situation among Farming Households in Rural Areas of Kano State, Nigeria. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 15(1): 94-107

Muhammad-Lawal, A., and Omotesho, O.A. (2008). Cereals and farming households food security in kwara state, Nigeria. Agricultural Journal. 3(3): 235-240

NPC, (2006). National Population Commission. Population Census Data Ilorin, Kwara State

Nyong, A and Fiki, C. (2005). “Droughts-Related Conflicts, Management and Resolution in the West African Sahel.” Human Security and Climate change International Workshop. Oslo; GECHS, CICERO and PR20.

Omonona, B., Agoi, T. and Adetokunbo, G. (2007). An analysis of food security situation among Nigerian urban households: Evidence from Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Central of European Agriculture. 8 (3), 399-406.

Salau, S.A., Abdulsalam, H.D., and Ambali, O.Y. (2018). Assessment of the Effect of Consumption of Lake Rice on Food Security of Households in Lagos State, Nigeria. J. Agriculture and Environmental Sciences. 3(2): 46-56.

Shehu, A.S., Robiu, O.A., and Nofiu B.N. (2019). The Effect of Sustainable Land Management Technologies on Food Security in Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 64(2): 202-214.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.