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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The manuscript should be original, well edited and organized.
  • Times New Roman, written in 12 fonts, spacing 1.5 for all parts of the manuscript including abstract, quotations, and references and margins of one inch from top, bottom, left and right side of each page. Footnotes should be written in 10 fonts, single space, Times New Roman.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • Articles are to be written either in English or, in cases when the topic requires it, in Amharic. The file format should be supported by Microsoft Word and OpenOffice and files should be submitted in .doc/.docx, or alternatively also in .rtf or .opd, formats. Contributions may not exceed 25 typed pages, or 8,000 words, including tables, footnotes and references.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines



Submission Requirement

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines. The submission has not been previously published, or not considered by another journal.  The author/s should make sure that the manuscript submitted to the Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences; it is not under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or in press or published elsewhere. All contributions should be submitted online in Microsoft Word document format, Times New Roman, written in 12 fonts, spacing 1.5 for all parts of the manuscript including abstract, quotations, and references and margins of one inch from top, bottom, left and right side of each page. Footnotes should be written in 10 fonts, single space, Times New Roman. Please note that the name of author/s should not appear on the manuscript. Authors are required to submit on a separate page their name, address and affiliation. The minimum pages of feature article are 10 and the maximum is 25 pages or 8,000 words. Book reviews should not exceed 2 pages and Message and letter a maximum of one page. Articles are to be written either in English or, in cases when the topic requires it, in Amharic. All interested contributors can submit full-length original research articles, book reviews and short communications through the journal website system: journals.bdu.edu.et/. or email address: aregaberlie@gmail.com. For any help and support on your submission please feel free to contact us via email: ejss.editors@gmail.com .

EJSS publishes scholarly works focusing on historical, socio-economic, development, cultural, gender, political and environmental issues.

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscript should be original, well edited and organized and presented in the following order.

Cover letter/title page

All manuscripts should be submitted with a pre-defined cover letter. The title of the manuscript is typed in caps/lowercase letters, centered on the page. If the title requires more than one line, double-space between lines. Submission should, in a separate page (cover letter), include full name of the author(s), educational qualification, institutional affiliation, and current occupation, contact address (e-mail, mail and phone number). The author’s affiliation should be indicated in a footnote marked by an asterisk and not by an Arabic number.


All manuscripts must include a brief but informative Abstract. It should not exceed 250 words as well as 4 to 6 keywords. Abstract should describe complete and essential details - purpose, methods, results, conclusions, and the way forward and should be presented in a logical coherence. Abstract should be italicized; single paragraph and no reference is needed. 


The introduction should provide enough background information and context of the problem to clarify why the study was undertaken, what objective or research questions were achieved, and hypotheses were tested. The introduction should build on the significance of the article for knowledge building.

Note that Italicization is possible for all non-English words to indicate emphasis


This section should be concise but provide sufficient detail of the study design and the procedures followed in data collection and analysis. Ethical issues should also be clearly stated.


Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the form of text, tables and figures. Repetitive presentation of the same data in tables and figures should be avoided. All tables, graphs, and statistical analyses could be presented in this section.


The results should be discussed in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction and major findings in the results section. Place the study in the context of other work reported in the literature. Authors should also take future research and limitations into account in the discussion section.

Note: Only in exceptional cases should the “Results and Discussion” sections be combined.


Tables should be self-contained and the data should not be duplicated in figures. Tables should be numbered and named consecutively. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes.

Figures and Images

Only necessary illustrations should be included. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. The original drawings should not be larger than 16×12 cm. Figures should be sized to fit within the column or the full text width. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white or color diagrams, drawn with a computer graphics package. Photographs should be sharp and magnifications should be indicated on photographs using a scale bar. Graphics should be supplied as high-resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) electronic files. Digital images supplied as low-resolution cannot be used and will not be accepted. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure can be understood without reference to the text. Contributors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce any material in which they do not hold copyright and for ensuring that the appropriate acknowledgements are included in their manuscript.

Abbreviations and Units

Use standard abbreviations as much as possible and avoid random abbreviations of words

Citation Styles and References

It is the Authors responsibility to ensure that the information in each reference is complete and accurate.  References, citations, and the general style of the manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual recent edition and Chicago.  However, modification may be needed for Ethiopian names, complete names of all authors should be provided in the references list instead of abbreviating the first name. For publication works in Ethiopia and that follow the Ethiopian year, the references indicated by placing A.M. after the year, e.g.: Tesfaye Tafesse (2001 E.C., p. 129). In the references list Ethiopian authors should both the personal and the father’s name in that order. In the case of non-Ethiopian names, the in-text citation should include the family name and in the references list should both the personal and the family name in that order. Note that the reference page should be in an alphabetical list. The reference list begins on a separate page as the word “References” Center at the top of the page.


Authors are not encouraged to have (many) quotations. Short quotations (less than 40 words) are incorporated into the text and enclosed by double quotation marks. Long quotations (40 words or longer) are typed in a single-space and indented five spaces from both the right and left margins.

Omit quotation marks. Quotation marks are not necessary to put here.


If used footnotes should be consecutively numbered and be set out at the foot of each page.

Footnote numbers are placed outside of punctuation marks.

References in footnotes

References in footnotes should generally contain sufficient information about the source material. The author has the right to use Chicago, APA or other systems/manuals that suits his area of specialization and yet there should be consistency and uniformity in writing references.


Brownlie, I. (2003). Principles of Local Government (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University


Costello, B., Wachtel, J., & Wachtel, T. (2010). Restorative Circles in Schools: Building Community and Enhancing Learning. Bethlehem, PA: International Institute for Restorative Practices.

In text citation

              Costello, Wachtel and Wachtel, (2010) or (Costello, Wachtel & Wachtel, 2010)

               Bracknell et al. (2008) or (Bracknell, et al., 2008)

Contributions in edited books

Fleck, D. (2008). The law of Non-International Armed Conflicts. In D. Fleck (ed.), The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law (2nd Ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.613-678

Clarijs, R., & Malmberg, T. (Eds.) (2012). The Quiet Revolution: Aggrandizing People Power by Family Group Conferences. Amsterdam, Netherlands: SWP Publishers.

Andersen, P. (2013). Development of restorative justice practices in Norway. In D. J. Cornwell, J. Blad, & M. Wright (Eds.), Civilising Criminal Justice: An International Restorative Agenda for Penal Reform (pp. 479-500). Sherfield-on- Loddon, United Kingdom: Waterside Press. 


Kebede Yimam. (2004). Learning is lifelong (Doctoral dissertation). Addis Ababa University.

Hinton, A. L. (2008). Integrating victims’ voices into circles of support and accountability (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Fresno Pacific University, Fresno, CA.

Lobb, P. (2010). The art of caring: Woman and restorative justice (Doctoral dissertation).          Retrieved       from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=antioch1281016936.          Date    of access, 08 October 2020.

Articles in journals

Jinks, D. (2003). September 11 and the Laws of War. Yale Journal of International Law28(1), 24-35.


Federal Courts Proclamation, 1996, Art. 8(1) & (2) Proc. No. 25/1996. Fed. Neg. Gaz., year2, no.1.


Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1969, Article 31.  Resolutions: Security Council Resolution 1368(2001), at WWW http://dacessed.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/NO1/533/82/PDF/N0153382.pdf?openElement(accessed 10 August 2008).


European Commission. (2002). Environmental Disaster in the Pacific. Policy Report. Brussels.

Magazine Articles

Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), 44-52.

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed)

College officials agree to cut greenhouse gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4. Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush’s Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard.  New York Times, p. A7.


United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved from the Environmental Protection Agency website: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange(In-text citation:

(United States Environmental, 2007).


At the end of the manuscript the author should acknowledge briefly: (a) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship; (b) acknowledgements of technical help received by the author; (c) acknowledgements of financial and material support received by the author, specifying the nature of support; and (d) study subjects and others who contributed in the design, data collection, and analysis of the study.

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