Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF) The Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF) is a multidisciplinary and refereed international journal on knowledge, research and innovation designed to help the development and transformation of Ethiopian society. en-US (Professor Mammo Muchie) (Yeshambel) Sun, 14 Aug 2022 11:29:01 +0200 OJS 60 Assessing the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia <p><span class="fontstyle0">The communities in Arid and Semi arid regions have survived till today with ahigh<br>population growth is an indication that they have developed indigenous mechanisms to<br>cope up harsh conditions.This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States<br>to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to<br>the incidence of climate change.<br>This study used Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques i.e. focus Group Discussion<br>(FDG), individual interviews and Key Informant. FGD were held in Dudub &amp; Boloyita of<br>Afar region and Degahjabis, Barak, Mete, Millo, Goad &amp; Berdher of Shinile zone in<br>Somali region. For cross triangulation, in depth interviews with ninety two respondents<br>were held. Afar and Issa Somali Pastoralists are adapting to changes in a local<br>innovative way. The typical pastoralist innovative adaption in the Study areas: change in<br>house construction materials, traditional early warning system through Dagu in Afar,<br>maximizes female animals in their herds, seasonal forecasting by follow up Goat<br>behavior i.e. shake their legs as if the legs immersed in mud and also traditional water<br>cooling system of drinking water.<br>This research output provides a framework for addressing climate change problem by<br>the Ethiopian pastoralists and assists them in realizing their potentials to rise up to the<br>challenge. It will also enable policy makers and NGOs to chant an appropriate course for<br>policy and programme directions</span> </p> Tibebu Solomon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Wolf Leslau, English-Amharic Context Dictionary, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1973 ISBN 3 447 01482 2 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Wolf Leslau has left a rich legacy by composing an Amharic-English dictionary by using grounded<br>and context specific translation of words and finding meanings by covering almost every possible<br>word until the period of the early 1970s. It is to be expected that over the last forty years the<br>Amharic and English words have been growing. Amharic is indeed growing fast, and one wonders<br>if Wolf Laslau or some one of his calibre, stamina and rich knowledge were to update this already<br>1000 pages tome of contextualised dictionary by including the additional ways of expressions and<br>words. One wonders how many more pages would be needed to cover the last forty years of the<br>development of the Amharic language. Surely, it cannot be a few hundreds</span> </p> Mamo Muchie ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Potentials of Indigenous Techniques of Knowledge Creation in Qinea Schools of Ethiopia <p><span class="fontstyle0">As the world has entered the knowledge economy and organizations search for ways to create<br>new knowledge, we must recognize that knowledge creation has been practiced since the<br>beginning of mankind. Communities have been creating and using indigenous knowledge for<br>centuries. However, indigenous knowledge and indigenous techniques of knowledge creation<br>have been neglected for decades and there has been a divide between the modern (scientific) and<br>traditional worlds. Despite advances in knowledge creation, there is a fear that knowledge<br>management can become another management fad that promised much and delivered little.<br>Besides, application of modern knowledge is limited especially in third world communities like<br>Ethiopia. Such communities are heavily dependent on traditional knowledge for solving<br>problems. Thus, studying traditional practices may lend an additional lens to better understand<br>and facilitate knowledge creation. By leveraging our past and incorporating our traditional<br>practices in knowledge creation, we can further enable today’s knowledge creation efforts. This<br>research explores the potentials of indigenous knowledge creation techniques of instantaneously<br>creating knowledge, which has been in use by the Orthodox Church communities of Ethiopia<br>(and Eritrea) since the 5</span><span class="fontstyle0">th </span><span class="fontstyle0">Century. Using an interpretive field study, qualitative data was<br>collected from the indigenous Poetry schools through participant observation, unstructured and<br>semi-structured interviews, and document analysis. Analysis of the data indicated that the<br>indigenous techniques have important implications related to promoting creative problem<br>solving, creative education, tolerance, ethics, inspiration, and entertainment, expressing the</span><br><span class="fontstyle0">2<br>unsayable, and predicting the future. Besides helping to preserve the heritage of the accumulated<br>wisdom, this research plays a role in narrowing the divide between tradition and modernity<br>regarding knowledge creation and is useful to researchers in creative education, communication,<br>natural language, and information retrieval</span> </p> Marie- Claude, Mariye Yigzaw, Monica Garfield, Mulugeta Libsie ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Evaluation of the Developmental Bible: A program to integrate HIV and other reproductive health information in the teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church <p><span class="fontstyle0">For many remote rural Ethiopian communities, religious structures are often the only sustained contact<br>with a formal institution, and so, they provide opportunity for conveying health and developmental<br>messages directly to a large audience. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church (EOTC) is the country’s<br>largest religious institution. The Developmental Bible (DB) project took advantage of its significant reach<br>to convey key health and development messages to its congregants.<br>The DB project sets out to incorporate health and other development messages in the teachings of the<br>Church to be passed as key messages during Church sermons by trained priests. The evaluation of the<br>DB project also sets out to establish the advantages of using indigenous structures of the Church and to<br>demonstrate that the Church could be a partner for social change and development.<br>The DB project was a two‐year pilot project conducted during 2008–2010. The project was launched<br>following the formulation of DB manual, training of active priests in clergy training centers and theology<br>colleges. A quasi‐experimental research design with baseline and endline surveys was used to measure<br>changes between baseline and endline in HIV knowledge, attitude and stigma, as well as attitudes about<br>FGM/C. Results were measured against baseline values.<br>The results show positive changes, with significant increases in knowledge of modes of HIV transmission<br>among priests, youth and women, and in knowledge of HIV prevention methods for priests and youth<br>groups. An increase in the proportions of respondents who believe FGM/C should be discontinued was<br>also documented. Findings for other attitudinal indicators showed mixed results.</span> </p> Samson Bekele, Tekle‐Ab Mekbib, Aschalew Kassie, Getachew Kassa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Automating Message Delivery through Mobile Phones to Expectant Mothers <p><span class="fontstyle0">Ethiopia is among the nations with very high maternal and child mortality rates. The latest<br>available estimates show that there are 5.90 maternal deaths per 1,000 live births. Though<br>progress has been made in the reduction of mortalities as compared with the previous years<br>estimates, much effort needs to be done yet to meet the ambitious Millennium Development<br>Goals which aim for the reduction of maternal mortality by three quarters and child mortality by<br>two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015.<br>Accordingly, among a multitude of interventions underway in the country to meet the<br>Millennium Development Goals, one key component is to understand and address key barriers of<br>communication between different service delivery points in the primary health care unit (Primary<br>Hospital, Health Center, Health Post and Community) in rural areas. Currently, the<br>communication between different service delivery points is either non-existent or paper-based<br>which makes it inefficient and affects the speed and effectiveness of Maternal and Neonatal<br>Child Health (MNCH) services. The trend to use communication technologies has shown<br>promising results to meet the challenge.<br>In this regard, the mobile technology has come with the unique potential that it has already<br>become a routine part of most peoples’ everyday lives. It is also becoming increasingly<br>affordable and accessible. Required infrastructure to support its easy use and maintenance is also<br>available even in rural areas. With the aim of sharing experiences and lessons learnt, this paper<br>reports on a project work that was conducted to explore the potential utilization of mobile phone<br>technologies to improve communication between service providers for a more effective MNCH<br>service delivery in rural primary health care units in Ethiopia. Encouraging results were obtained<br>in terms of demonstrating the potential applications of m-health to increase access and uptake of<br>priority MNCH services even in remote rural areas.</span> </p> Dr. Rahel Bekele, Henock Lulseged, Adey Edessa, Betsegaw Dereje ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Assessment of Farmers’ Criteria for Common Bean Variety Selection: The case of Umbullo Watershed in Sidama Zone of the Southern Region of Ethiopia <p><span class="fontstyle0">Participatory variety selection (PVS) trials were conducted in 2004 and 2005 in<br>Umbullo watershed of Sidama zone in the Southern region of Ethiopia to evaluate the<br>performance of common bean (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Phaseolus vulgaris </span><span class="fontstyle0">L.) varieties and to assess farmers’ criteria for<br>bean variety selection, and thereby identify the most important farmers’ criteria for future bean<br>improvement work in the region. Six varieties including the local check were used for the study.<br>Mother and baby design was employed and the trials were replicated over farmers. Yield data<br>was subjected to analysis of variance and there was significant difference (p&lt;0.01) among the<br>varieties. GL and GLY interaction effects were also found to be significant (p&lt;0.05). Awash-1<br>was the best genotype followed by Omo-95. But the farmers’ selection criteria were beyond<br>yield and most farmers gave priority for qualitative traits. Accordingly, five qualitative traits<br>were ranked by farmers as the best criteria that are better than yield. These are seed color,<br>drought tolerance, disease and pest resistance, marketability and seed size. Almost all farmers in<br>the study area preferred Ibado as a number one variety due to its seed color (red speckled), seed<br>size (large), demand in the market (high), early maturity (&lt;90 days) and relatively good yield (&gt;2<br>tons ha</span><span class="fontstyle0">-1</span><span class="fontstyle0">). The local variety was ranked second due to its seed color (light red) and marketability.<br>Therefore, our future bean improvement program should target at developing varieties that fulfill<br>farmers’ preferences especially for home consumption and local market.</span> </p> Fekadu Gurmu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 14 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200 Zera Yakob's philosophy <p><span class="fontstyle0">There is a need to read Zera Yakob's philosophy by relating it to a contextualized interpretation<br>of how he came to write this philosophy. There is a need to produce plausible references and<br>accounts to demonstrate he wrote the Hateta. He wrote at a time when the Ethiopian<br>Orthodox faith was being assaulted by Portugese Jesuits. Philosophers such as Claude<br>Summner, Charles Vernharn and others claim that his philosophy is on a par, if not even better<br>in many ways to the work of the so‐ called European philosophers. The claim that that the work<br>was actually written by Italian Jesuit D'Urbino rather than Zera Yakob appears to be a<br>fabricated account. What is important is not to be distracted by these claims, but move on to<br>explore the subtelty of Zera Yakob's original philosophy by re‐ reading the Hateta with the<br>perspective of how new philosophical methodologies and insights are included or revealed in<br>it or can be extrapolated from it. Ethiopian philosophers must deeply get immersed in<br>excavating the originality of Ethiopian philosophy, that some philosophers claim is so deep that<br>Ethiopia is indeed the originator of the philosophy of harmony that will save the world.</span> </p> Professor Habte Churnet ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 03 Aug 2012 00:00:00 +0200