Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF) 2022-08-14T11:29:01+02:00 Professor Mammo Muchie Open Journal Systems The Ethiopian e-Journal for Research and Innovation Foresight (Ee-JRIF) is a multidisciplinary and refereed international journal on knowledge, research and innovation designed to help the development and transformation of Ethiopian society. Assessing the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia 2022-08-14T11:29:00+02:00 Tibebu Solomon <p><span class="fontstyle0">The communities in Arid and Semi arid regions have survived till today with ahigh<br>population growth is an indication that they have developed indigenous mechanisms to<br>cope up harsh conditions.This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States<br>to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to<br>the incidence of climate change.<br>This study used Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques i.e. focus Group Discussion<br>(FDG), individual interviews and Key Informant. FGD were held in Dudub &amp; Boloyita of<br>Afar region and Degahjabis, Barak, Mete, Millo, Goad &amp; Berdher of Shinile zone in<br>Somali region. For cross triangulation, in depth interviews with ninety two respondents<br>were held. Afar and Issa Somali Pastoralists are adapting to changes in a local<br>innovative way. The typical pastoralist innovative adaption in the Study areas: change in<br>house construction materials, traditional early warning system through Dagu in Afar,<br>maximizes female animals in their herds, seasonal forecasting by follow up Goat<br>behavior i.e. shake their legs as if the legs immersed in mud and also traditional water<br>cooling system of drinking water.<br>This research output provides a framework for addressing climate change problem by<br>the Ethiopian pastoralists and assists them in realizing their potentials to rise up to the<br>challenge. It will also enable policy makers and NGOs to chant an appropriate course for<br>policy and programme directions</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wolf Leslau, English-Amharic Context Dictionary, Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1973 ISBN 3 447 01482 2 2022-08-14T11:29:00+02:00 Mamo Muchie <p><span class="fontstyle0">Wolf Leslau has left a rich legacy by composing an Amharic-English dictionary by using grounded<br>and context specific translation of words and finding meanings by covering almost every possible<br>word until the period of the early 1970s. It is to be expected that over the last forty years the<br>Amharic and English words have been growing. Amharic is indeed growing fast, and one wonders<br>if Wolf Laslau or some one of his calibre, stamina and rich knowledge were to update this already<br>1000 pages tome of contextualised dictionary by including the additional ways of expressions and<br>words. One wonders how many more pages would be needed to cover the last forty years of the<br>development of the Amharic language. Surely, it cannot be a few hundreds</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Potentials of Indigenous Techniques of Knowledge Creation in Qinea Schools of Ethiopia 2022-08-14T11:29:00+02:00 Marie- Claude Mariye Yigzaw Monica Garfield Mulugeta Libsie <p><span class="fontstyle0">As the world has entered the knowledge economy and organizations search for ways to create<br>new knowledge, we must recognize that knowledge creation has been practiced since the<br>beginning of mankind. Communities have been creating and using indigenous knowledge for<br>centuries. However, indigenous knowledge and indigenous techniques of knowledge creation<br>have been neglected for decades and there has been a divide between the modern (scientific) and<br>traditional worlds. Despite advances in knowledge creation, there is a fear that knowledge<br>management can become another management fad that promised much and delivered little.<br>Besides, application of modern knowledge is limited especially in third world communities like<br>Ethiopia. Such communities are heavily dependent on traditional knowledge for solving<br>problems. Thus, studying traditional practices may lend an additional lens to better understand<br>and facilitate knowledge creation. By leveraging our past and incorporating our traditional<br>practices in knowledge creation, we can further enable today’s knowledge creation efforts. This<br>research explores the potentials of indigenous knowledge creation techniques of instantaneously<br>creating knowledge, which has been in use by the Orthodox Church communities of Ethiopia<br>(and Eritrea) since the 5</span><span class="fontstyle0">th </span><span class="fontstyle0">Century. Using an interpretive field study, qualitative data was<br>collected from the indigenous Poetry schools through participant observation, unstructured and<br>semi-structured interviews, and document analysis. Analysis of the data indicated that the<br>indigenous techniques have important implications related to promoting creative problem<br>solving, creative education, tolerance, ethics, inspiration, and entertainment, expressing the</span><br><span class="fontstyle0">2<br>unsayable, and predicting the future. Besides helping to preserve the heritage of the accumulated<br>wisdom, this research plays a role in narrowing the divide between tradition and modernity<br>regarding knowledge creation and is useful to researchers in creative education, communication,<br>natural language, and information retrieval</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Evaluation of the Developmental Bible: A program to integrate HIV and other reproductive health information in the teachings of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church 2022-08-14T11:29:00+02:00 Samson Bekele Tekle‐Ab Mekbib Aschalew Kassie Getachew Kassa <p><span class="fontstyle0">For many remote rural Ethiopian communities, religious structures are often the only sustained contact<br>with a formal institution, and so, they provide opportunity for conveying health and developmental<br>messages directly to a large audience. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church (EOTC) is the country’s<br>largest religious institution. The Developmental Bible (DB) project took advantage of its significant reach<br>to convey key health and development messages to its congregants.<br>The DB project sets out to incorporate health and other development messages in the teachings of the<br>Church to be passed as key messages during Church sermons by trained priests. The evaluation of the<br>DB project also sets out to establish the advantages of using indigenous structures of the Church and to<br>demonstrate that the Church could be a partner for social change and development.<br>The DB project was a two‐year pilot project conducted during 2008–2010. The project was launched<br>following the formulation of DB manual, training of active priests in clergy training centers and theology<br>colleges. A quasi‐experimental research design with baseline and endline surveys was used to measure<br>changes between baseline and endline in HIV knowledge, attitude and stigma, as well as attitudes about<br>FGM/C. Results were measured against baseline values.<br>The results show positive changes, with significant increases in knowledge of modes of HIV transmission<br>among priests, youth and women, and in knowledge of HIV prevention methods for priests and youth<br>groups. An increase in the proportions of respondents who believe FGM/C should be discontinued was<br>also documented. Findings for other attitudinal indicators showed mixed results.</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Automating Message Delivery through Mobile Phones to Expectant Mothers 2022-08-14T11:29:01+02:00 Dr. Rahel Bekele Henock Lulseged Adey Edessa Betsegaw Dereje <p><span class="fontstyle0">Ethiopia is among the nations with very high maternal and child mortality rates. The latest<br>available estimates show that there are 5.90 maternal deaths per 1,000 live births. Though<br>progress has been made in the reduction of mortalities as compared with the previous years<br>estimates, much effort needs to be done yet to meet the ambitious Millennium Development<br>Goals which aim for the reduction of maternal mortality by three quarters and child mortality by<br>two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015.<br>Accordingly, among a multitude of interventions underway in the country to meet the<br>Millennium Development Goals, one key component is to understand and address key barriers of<br>communication between different service delivery points in the primary health care unit (Primary<br>Hospital, Health Center, Health Post and Community) in rural areas. Currently, the<br>communication between different service delivery points is either non-existent or paper-based<br>which makes it inefficient and affects the speed and effectiveness of Maternal and Neonatal<br>Child Health (MNCH) services. The trend to use communication technologies has shown<br>promising results to meet the challenge.<br>In this regard, the mobile technology has come with the unique potential that it has already<br>become a routine part of most peoples’ everyday lives. It is also becoming increasingly<br>affordable and accessible. Required infrastructure to support its easy use and maintenance is also<br>available even in rural areas. With the aim of sharing experiences and lessons learnt, this paper<br>reports on a project work that was conducted to explore the potential utilization of mobile phone<br>technologies to improve communication between service providers for a more effective MNCH<br>service delivery in rural primary health care units in Ethiopia. Encouraging results were obtained<br>in terms of demonstrating the potential applications of m-health to increase access and uptake of<br>priority MNCH services even in remote rural areas.</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Farmers’ Criteria for Common Bean Variety Selection: The case of Umbullo Watershed in Sidama Zone of the Southern Region of Ethiopia 2022-08-14T11:29:01+02:00 Fekadu Gurmu <p><span class="fontstyle0">Participatory variety selection (PVS) trials were conducted in 2004 and 2005 in<br>Umbullo watershed of Sidama zone in the Southern region of Ethiopia to evaluate the<br>performance of common bean (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Phaseolus vulgaris </span><span class="fontstyle0">L.) varieties and to assess farmers’ criteria for<br>bean variety selection, and thereby identify the most important farmers’ criteria for future bean<br>improvement work in the region. Six varieties including the local check were used for the study.<br>Mother and baby design was employed and the trials were replicated over farmers. Yield data<br>was subjected to analysis of variance and there was significant difference (p&lt;0.01) among the<br>varieties. GL and GLY interaction effects were also found to be significant (p&lt;0.05). Awash-1<br>was the best genotype followed by Omo-95. But the farmers’ selection criteria were beyond<br>yield and most farmers gave priority for qualitative traits. Accordingly, five qualitative traits<br>were ranked by farmers as the best criteria that are better than yield. These are seed color,<br>drought tolerance, disease and pest resistance, marketability and seed size. Almost all farmers in<br>the study area preferred Ibado as a number one variety due to its seed color (red speckled), seed<br>size (large), demand in the market (high), early maturity (&lt;90 days) and relatively good yield (&gt;2<br>tons ha</span><span class="fontstyle0">-1</span><span class="fontstyle0">). The local variety was ranked second due to its seed color (light red) and marketability.<br>Therefore, our future bean improvement program should target at developing varieties that fulfill<br>farmers’ preferences especially for home consumption and local market.</span> </p> 2012-08-14T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Zera Yakob's philosophy 2022-08-14T11:29:00+02:00 Professor Habte Churnet <p><span class="fontstyle0">There is a need to read Zera Yakob's philosophy by relating it to a contextualized interpretation<br>of how he came to write this philosophy. There is a need to produce plausible references and<br>accounts to demonstrate he wrote the Hateta. He wrote at a time when the Ethiopian<br>Orthodox faith was being assaulted by Portugese Jesuits. Philosophers such as Claude<br>Summner, Charles Vernharn and others claim that his philosophy is on a par, if not even better<br>in many ways to the work of the so‐ called European philosophers. The claim that that the work<br>was actually written by Italian Jesuit D'Urbino rather than Zera Yakob appears to be a<br>fabricated account. What is important is not to be distracted by these claims, but move on to<br>explore the subtelty of Zera Yakob's original philosophy by re‐ reading the Hateta with the<br>perspective of how new philosophical methodologies and insights are included or revealed in<br>it or can be extrapolated from it. Ethiopian philosophers must deeply get immersed in<br>excavating the originality of Ethiopian philosophy, that some philosophers claim is so deep that<br>Ethiopia is indeed the originator of the philosophy of harmony that will save the world.</span> </p> 2012-08-03T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##