Causes of Transnational Marriage with a Home-based Spouse: Case Study from Gondare/ Ethiopians in the Diaspora

Aschalew Abeje

Abstract


This study analyzes the reasons why Gondare (natives of Gondar district, northwest Ethiopia) migrants choose to marry a home-based spouse. Data are collected from migrants coming home for this aim and from families through interview and questionnaire. Document analysis is used to supplement them. Although women involve considerably, findings show that men are the principal actors in such  deals. This study approaches multiple experiences as intersecting mechanisms and found decisions for a marriage at home as multi-causal. It reveals that differential gender orders at the two ends set the precedence for this preference. It also shows time constraint, family pressure, desire for acknowledged marriage, and political contexts at home as important factors shaping migrants’ decisions for a home-based spouse.

Keywords


cause; Gondare; home-based; migrants; marriage

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Adejumobi, A. 2007. The History of Ethiopia. Westport: Greenwood.

Ballard, R. 1990. “Migration and Kinship: The Differential Effect of Marriage Rules on the Processes of Punjabi Migration to Britain.” Migration and Ethnicity, Clarke, C. et al. (eds.). Cambridge: Cambridge University.

_______. 2001. “The Impact of Kinship on the Economic Dynamics of Transnational Networks.” Paper Presented at the Workshop on Transnational Migration for Centre For Applied South Asian Studies, Manchester, June 29-July 1.

Beck-Gernsheim, E. 2007. “Transnational Marriage”, Global Networks (7):271-288.

Cameron, H. 2006. “An Examination of the Demographic Impact of Transnational Marriage between Citizens of UK and the Indian Subcontinent.” Paper Presented at the Seminar of Immigration for London School of Economics, London, September 29-30.

Charsley, K. 2005. “Unhappy Husbands: Masculinity and Migration in Transnational Pakistani Marriages.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1(1):85-105.

_______. 2012. “Transnational Marriage.” In Transnational Marriage: New Perspectives from Europe and Beyond, Charley, K. (ed.), 1-23. New York: Routledge.

_______. 2013. Transnational Pakistani Connections. New York: Routledge.

De Waal, A. 1991. Evil Days: 30 Years of War in Ethiopia. New York: Africa Watch.

Getnet Tarko and Muluneh Woldetsadik. 2013. “Contribution of Remittance to Household Livelihood and Local Development: The Case of Gondar Town.” Ethiopian Journal of Development Research (35):55-79.

Glick-Schiller, N. 2009. “Theorizing About and Beyond Transnational Processes.” In Caribbean Migrations to Western Europe and the United States, Grosfoguel, R, et al (eds.), 18-40. Philadelphia: Temple University.

Glick-Schiller, N., L, Basch, and C, Blanc-Szanton. 1992. “Transnationalism.” In Towards a Transnational Perspective on Migration, Blanc-Szanton, C et al. (eds.), 1-24. New York: New York Academy of Science.

Heisler, M. 2001. “Now and Then, Here and There: Migration and the Transformation of Identities, Borders, and Orders.” In Identities, Borders, Orders, Albert, M, et al. (eds.), 225-248. Minnesota: University of Minnesota.

Hooghiemstra, E. 2001. “Migrants, Partner Selection and Integration: Crossing Borders?” Journal of Comparative Family Studies (32):601-626.

Kassahun Haile. 2012. “Double Engagements: The Transnational Experiences of Ethiopian Immigrants in the Washington Metropolitan Area.” PhD diss., Syracuse University.

Levitt, P, and Glick-Schiller, N. 2004. “Conceptualizing Simultaneity: A Transnational Social Field Perspective on Society.” International Migration Review (38):1-49.

Lievens, J. 1999. “Family-Forming Migration from Turkey and Morocco to Belgium: The Demand for Marriage Partners from Countries of Origin.” International Migration Review (33):717-744.

Nauck, B. 2004. “Familienbeziehungen und sozialintegration von migranten.” in Migration-Integration–Building, Bade, K. and Bommes, M. (eds.), 83-104. Osnabrück: Universität Osnabrück.

Pankhurst, R.1990. A Social History of Ethiopia: The Northern and Central Highlands from Medieval Times to the Rise of Emperor Tewodros II. Addis Ababa: AAU.

Schinkel, W. 2011.“The Nationalization of Desire: Transnational Marriage in Dutch Culturist Integration Discourse.” Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology (59): 99-106.

Shaw, A, and Charley, K. 2006. “Rishtas: Adding Emotion to Strategy in Understanding British Pakistani Transnational Marriages.” Global Networks (6): 405-421.

Shaw,A. 2001. “Kinship, Cultural Preference and Immigration: Consanguineous Marriage among British Pakistanis.” Journal of the Royal Anthropology (7):315-334.

Solomon Addis. 2005. History of the City Of Gondar. Trenton and Asmara: World.

_______. 2007. The History of Ethiopian Immigrants and Refugees in America, 1900-2000: Patterns of Migration, Survival, and Adjustment. New York: LFB.

Winner, A, and Glick-Schiller, N. 2003. “Methodological Nationalism, the Social Sciences and the Study of Migration: An Essay in Historical Epistemology.” International Migration Review (3):576-610.

Yewoubdar Beyene. 2000. “Potential HIV Risk Behaviors among Ethiopians and Eritreans in the Diaspora: A Bird's-Eye View.” Northeast African Studies (7):119-142.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.