Intimate Partner Violence against Women: Practice and Attitude in South Wollo and East Gojjam Zones of Amhara National Regional State

Mulunesh Abebe, Kerebih Asres

Abstract


Intimate partner violence against women (IPV) is a critical social problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. However, little research has been done to investigate the extent of the problem and the society’s attitude in South Wollo and East Gojjam Zones of Amhara Region. This study investigates women’s decision making participation in household matters, physical and sexual abuse, and attitude towards wife beating using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The findings show that women are deprived of their decision making rights, physical and sexual abuse of women are highly prevalent and are considered as ‘normal’ part of marital relationship. Majority of participants (66 %) support wife beating and statistically significant higher proportion of women support wife beating than their male counterparts. The findings indicate that women are experiencing high levels of intimate partner violence in the domestic sphere. Therefore, this issue should be a critical concern for social workers, other professionals and policy makers.

Keywords


Intimate Partner Violence; Practice; Attitude; Amhara; Ethiopia

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Amare, D. (2008). The mental health consequences of intimate partner violence against women in Agaro Town, Southwest Ethiopia. Tropical Doctor 38, 228-229.

Bartlett, J. E., Kotrlik., & Higgins, C. C. (2001). Organizational Research: Determining appropriate sample size in survey research. Information Technology, Learning, and Performance Journal, 19 (1), 43-50. 40 (6), 760-769.

Butterfield, A. K., Rocha, C., & Butterfield, W. H. (2010). The dynamics of family Policy. Chicago: Lyceum.

Cavanagh, K. (2003). Understanding women’s response to domestic violence. Qualitative Social Work, 2, (3), 229-249.

Corbetta, P. (2003). Social research: Theory, methods and techniques. Sage.

Creswell, W. J. (2005). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five traditions. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

DeJonghe, E. Bogat, G., Levendosky, A., & Avon, E. (2008). Women survivors of intimate partner violence and post-traumatic stress disorder: Prediction and prevention. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 54 (4), 294-300.

Dixen, C. & Leach, B. (1978). Sampling methods for geographical research. Invicta press.

Edleson, J. L., & Tolman, R. (M. 1992). Intervention for men who batter: An ecological approach. Interpersonal violence: The practice series. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Ethiopian Demographic and health survey (EDHS). (2005). Central Statistical Authority and ORC MACRO.

Garcia-Moreno, C. Jansen, M., Watts, C., Ellsberg, M., & Heise, L. (2005). Prevalence of intimate partner violence: Findings from WHO multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence , Lancet, 368 (9543), 1260-1269.

Heise, L., & Garcia-Moreno, C. (2002). Violence in intimate partners. In Krug, E. G.et.al., (Eds). World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Henriette, J. (2005). Challenges to measure violence against women: Training in research in reproductive health /sexual health. Department of gender, women and health. WHO.

Hesse-Biber, S. N., Yaiser, M. L. (2004). Feminist perspectives on social research. Oxford University Press New York.

Hetling, A., & Born, C. E. (2005). Examining the impact of the family violence option on women’s efforts to leave welfare. Research on Social Work Practice, 15 (3), 143-153.

Hindin, M. J. (2003). Understanding women’s attitude towards wife beating in Zimbabwe. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 81 (7). Retrieved on 9/1/2006 from file://Bulletin of the World Health Organization – Anàlisis de la a.htm. Affilia, 16 (2), 198-219.

Katz, J. (2006). The macho paradox: Why some men hurt women and how all men can help. USA: Sourcebooks, Inc.

Mastewal, K. (2008). Assessment of the prevalence and factors associated with physical intimate violence against married women of reproductive age group in Yilmna Densa Woreda. Unpublished M.A Thesis, University of Gondar.

Maxwell, J. A. (2005). A model for qualitative research design: An interactive approach (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Michalski, J. H. (2004). Making sociological senses out of trends in intimate partner violence: The sociological structure of violence against women. Violence Against Women, 10, (6), 652675.

National Committee on Traditional Practices of Ethiopia. (NCTPE). (2003). Old beyond imagining Ethiopian harmful traditional practices. Addis Ababa: United Printers.

Newman, L.W. & Kreuger, W .L, (2003). Social work research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Pagelow, M. D. (1984). Family violence. New York: Praeger Publishers. Tegbar, Y., Anwar, Y., & Yigzaw, K. (2004). Domestic violence around Gondar in Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 18 (3), 133-139.

Tegbar, Y., Yemane, B., Nigussie, D., Mirgissa, K. (2010). Perceptions and attitude towards violence against women in northwest Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 24 (1), 39-45.

Ting, L. (2010). Out of Africa: Coping strategies of African immigrant women survivors of intimate partner violence. Health Care for Women International, 31, 345-364.

Tizita, T., & Assefa, H. (2006). Correlates of domestic violence against women in Bahir Dar, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, 28 (2), 3161.

Tsehay, J. (2009). A baseline survey on violence against women in Amhara and Tigray Regions. Unpublished survey submitted to Action Aid Ethiopia: Bahir Dar.

Watts, C. & Zimmerman, C. (2002). Violence against women: global scope and magnitude. Lancet, 359, 1232-1237.

Weinbach, W. R. & Grinnell, M. R., Jr. (2004). Statistics for social workers (6th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

Williams, S. L., & Mickelson, K. D. (2004). The nexus of domestic violence and poverty: Resilience in women’s anxiety. Violence Against Women, 10 (3), 283-293.

WHO. (2007). Gender women and health: WHO multi-country study on women's health domestic violence against women. Retrieved on January 23/2015 from http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/en/

Yegomawork, G., Nigissie, D., Yemane, B., Marry E., Maria E., Meaza A., et al.,. (2003). Women’s health and life events study in rural Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 17, Second Special Issue. 1-47.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.