The Politics of Institutionalization, Professionalization and Quality Maintenance: Revisiting the Formative Years of the Academy of Pedagogy, 31 1972-1984

Fentahun Ayele, Tsegaye Berhe

Abstract


The Academy of Pedagogy was established in 1972 following an agreement signed between the imperial government of Ethiopia and UNDP and UNESCO. During its formative years, the Academy faced enormous challenges. The Academy’s institutionalization and professionalization attempts were undermined by the early turbulent years of the Ethiopian Revolution and the subsequent political turmoil and violence. The quality of its training program was also tarnished by the shortage of highly qualified instructors. Through time, however, the Academy managed to overcome the daunting academic and administrative difficulties. This paper, therefore, attempts to outline the evolution of the Academy and investigate the major challenges it faced during the first ten years following its foundation. It also highlights the curriculum revisions undertaken by Bahir Dar Teachers’ College in order to ensure quality in its training programs.

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References


Ye Bahir Dar Memhran College Tarikawi Edget (Historical Development of Bahir Dar Teachers College) 1963-1979 E.C. Memio. pp. 1-2; Informant: Tadesse Mengistu.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Dr. Demisse Manahlot to Dr. Taye Gulelat, 08.03/1976 E.C.

"Academy of Pedagogy, Bahir Dar," a paper prepared for the African Teachers Education Association Conference, Addis Ababa, March 25-April 1, 1972, pp.17-19.

Ibid., p. 20

Ibid., p. 22; BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, Matewos Gessese to Ministry of Education and Fine Arts (MOEFA), 29/11/72.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, Academy of Pedagogy to Higher Education Commission, 20/08/69 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, Academy of Pedagogy Principal to all administrative regions, 04/01/1966 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, Report by the Dean of Students, 05/04/1967 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, Academy of Pedagogy to Gojjam Public Security, 22/08/69 E.C; Academy of Pedagogy to the Ministry of Education, 29/01/69 E.C.

Informants: Belete Tekle and Menan Kemal, 03/04/2013; BDU Archives, File No. 1/4/1, To Whom it May Concern, 08/06/1969 E.C.

Informants: Belete Tekele and Menan Kemal.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/26/1, Ye Memhran Temhert Academy Ametawi Zegeba (Annual Report of the Academy of Pedagogy), 1972 E.C., pp. 4-7.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Academy of Pedagogy to Ministry of Education, 05/11/1967 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Abraham Hussen to Higher Education Commission, 28/04/1971 E.C.

Informant: Ayele Meshesha.

Ibid.

Informant: Tsegay Asgele and Abebe Tsige.

Informant: Ayele Meshesha and Abebe Tsige.

Ibid.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Dr. Demisse Manahlot to Dr. Duri Mohammed, 18/03/1973 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Dr. Demisse Manahlot to Dr. Taye Gulelat, 08/03/1976 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Bilelegn Mandefro to Higher Education Commission, 19/09/1978 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Dr. Demisse Manahlot to Dr. Duri Mohammed, 24/03/1974 E.C.

BDU Archives, File No. 1/7/2, Ye Bahir Dar Mamhran College Ametawi Zegeba 1974 E.C, p.7.


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